Prof. Faruque’s interests and expertise encompass history and theory of subjectivity, environmental humanities, religion and climate change, cross-cultural philosophy, gender hermeneutics, Sufism, Perso-Arabic mystical literature, Islamic philosophy and ethics, history and philosophy of science, Islamic Psychology, and Graeco-Arabica.

Published Articles

Attention, Consciousness,
and Self-Cultivation in Sufi-Philosophical Thought”

Journal of the Institute for Sufi Studies 2, 2 (2023): pp.300-316.

Toward a Neuro‑ethics in Islamic Philosophy: Trauma, Memory, and Personal Identity
SOPHIA (2024).

“Seyyed Hossein Nasr.”
In The Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion. Oxford University Press.

“Life after Life: Mullā Ṣadrā on Death and Immortality.”
Religious Studies (Cambridge), (2023): 1–13.

Charles Taylor and the Invention of Modern Inwardness: A Sufi, Constructive Response,” Religions, 13.8 (2022): 1-21.

“The Crisis of Modern Subjectivity: Rethinking Muhammad Iqbal and the Islamic Tradition,” Journal of Islamic and Muslim Studies, 6.2 (2022): 43-81.

“Untying the Knots of Love: The Qur’an, Love Poetry, and Akkad’s The Message.” Journal of Islamic and Muslim Studies 5.2 (2020), 112-128.

“Eternity Made Temporal: Ashraf ʿAlī Thānavī, a Twentieth-Century Indian Thinker and the Revival of Classical Sufi Thought.” Brill Journal of Sufi Studies 9 (2020): 215–246.

“Heidegger and Mullā Ṣadrā on the Meaning of Metaphysics.” Philosophy East and West 67.3 (2017): 629-650.

“Sufism contra Shariah? Shāh Walī Allāh’s Metaphysics of Waḥdat al-Wujūd.” Brill Journal of Sufi Studies 5.1 (2016): pp. 27-57.

“Does God Create Evil? A Study of Fakhr al-Dīn al- Rāzī’s Exegesis of Sūrat al-falaq.” Journal of Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations (2017).

Rajab ‘Ali Tabrizi’s ‘Refutation’ of Sadrian Metaphysics (The Shi’ah Institute Press, 2017)

Mullā Ṣadrā and the Project of Transcendent Philosophy” Religion Compass 10/1 (2016): 3–14, 10.1111/rec3.12190

“Mulla Sadra on the Problem of Natural Universals”, Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 27.2 (2017): 269-302.

The Internal Senses in Nemesius, Plotinus and Galen: The Beginning of an Idea.” Journal of Ancient Philosophy 10.2 (2016): 119-39.

“Maʿnā wa manẓūr az metāfīzīk dar andīshah-yi Haydigar wa Mullā Ṣadrā.” Ḥikmat-i Ṣadrāʾī 7.1 (1397/2018): 117-128.

An Empirical Investigation of the Arbitrage Pricing Theory in a Frontier Stock Market.” Indian Journal of Economics and Business.

“Gender Inequality and Economic Growth: A Cross-sectional Analysis of Muslim Countries.” European Journal of Social Sciences.

Published Book Chapters

“Sufism and Philosophy in the Mughal-Safavid Era: Shāh Walī Allāh and the End of Selfhood.” In Islamic Thought and the Art of Translation. Leiden: Brill, 2023, pp. 323–370.

“An Anthropocentric Approach to Evil.” In From the Divine to the Human (London and New York: Routledge, 2023).

“Hume on Trial: Can Evil and Suffering be Justified?” In From the Divine to the Human (London and New York: Routledge, 2023).

“A Nietzschean Mystic: Muhammad Iqbal on the Ethics of Selfhood.” In Mysticism and Ethics in Islam. Beirut: The American University of Beirut Press, 2022.

“The Current Situation of Sufism in Iran with Particular Reference to Philosophical Sufism.” In Sufism and Social Integration: Connecting Hearts, Crossing Boundaries, edited by Dastagir and Faghfoory. Chicago: Kazi, 2015.

“Rajab ʿAlī Tabrīzī’s Refutation of Ṣadrian Metaphysics.” In Philosophy and the Intellectual Life in Shīʿah Islam, edited by Sajjad Rizvi (Bloomsbury: The Shi’ah Institute Press, 2017).

Book Reviews

Review of “Mohammad Azadpur, Analytic Philosophy and Avicenna: Knowing the Unknown.” The Journal of Islamic and Muslim Studies, 6.1 (2021), 102-107.

Virtue Ethics in Sufism? A Review of Atif Khalil, “Repentance and the Return to God: Tawba in Early Sufism.” Journal of Islamic Ethics 4 (2020): 259-63.

Review of Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Mehdi Aminrazavi (eds.), “An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, Volume 5: From the School of Illumination to Philosophical Mysticism.” Journal of Shia Islamic Studies 9.1 (2016): 95-99.

Review of Mohammed Rustom, “The Triumph of Mercy: Philosophy and Scripture in Mullā Ṣadrā.” Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2012. xii + 243 pages.

Review of Tarif Khalidi, “Abū Ḥātim al-Rāzī: The Proofs of Prophecy,” Ilahiyat Studies, Vol. 6:1, Winter 2015.

Review of Eiyad S. Al-Kutubi, “Mulla Sadra and Eschatology: Evolution of Being.” Routledge. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations.

Public Scholarship

We Are Not Our Brain: How Poets and Philosophers Saw the Immaterial Life of the Self
Renovatio, Spring 2024

“Doğayla Birlikte Yaşamak? İslam, İklim Değişikliği Ve Eko-Felsefe.” [Coexistence with Nature?: Islam, Climate Change, and Eco-philosophy] Sabah Ülkesi (Cologne), 64 (Jul 2020): 66-71.

“Dil, Varlik ve Öznellik: Gerçekliğin Inşasi” (Language, Being and Subjectivity: The Construction of Reality)

“Islam, Nature and Climate Change.” Origins 50.1 (April 2020): 13-15.

Forthcoming Books/Articles/Book Chapters

  1. The Interconnected Universe: Sufism, Climate Change, and Ecological Living, in progress.
    This study aims to develop a new theory of the human and the more-than-human world relationship based on a cross-cultural, multidisciplinary approach that draws on contemporary perspectives in the environmental humanities, on one hand, and classical and contemporary sources in Sufism, on the other. Alongside developing a theory of what I call the “interconnected universe,” this study also argues that Sufi contemplative practices support and foster an active engagement toward the planet’s well-being and an ecologically viable way of life and vision through an “anthropocosmic” vision of the self.
  2. Opening Pandora’s Box: AI, Transhumanism, and the Existential Threats of Technology, in progress.
  3. A Cultural History of South Asian Literature, Volume 3: The Early Modern Age (1400-1700). The
    Cultural Histories Series. Co-edited with Shankar Nair. London: Bloomsbury, 2024.
  4. “The Self.” In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, edited by Edward Zalta and Uri Nodelman, forthcoming. (14,000 words).
  5. “Beyond Technological Fixes: Sufism, Contemplation, and Climate Change as Human Predicament,” Journal of Contemplative Studies, completed and forthcoming.
  6. “Decolonizing the Muslim Mind: A Philosophical Critique,” Philosophical Forum, under review.
  7. “Immortality through AI?: Transhumanism, Human Nature, and the Quest for Spiritual Machines.” In Transhumanism, Immortality, and Religion. Edited by Timothy Knepper. New York: Springer, forthcoming [2025].
  8. “ʿAyn al-Quḍāt.” In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, edited by Edward Zalta, completed and forthcoming. (11,000 words) [Co-authored with M. Rustom].
  9. “The Self.” St. Andrews Encyclopaedia of Theology, edited by Alexander Wain. Completed and forthcoming, at (12,000 words).
  10. “Ethics of Selfhood and Human Flourishing in Islamic Thought.” In the Oxford Handbook of Islamic Ethics, edited by Mustafa Shah. New York: Oxford University Press, completed and forthcoming [2024].
  11. “The Concept of Intuition in Sufism.” In The Handbook of Intuitions. Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science series, edited by Asad Ahmed et al. New York: Springer, completed and forthcoming [2024].
  12. “Mullā Ṣadrā and Javādī Āmulī: The Book of Metaphysical Penetrations, The Four Intellectual Journeys, and The Sealed Wine.” In Global Philosophy: A Sourcebook, edited by M. Rustom. Sheffield: Equinox, completed and forthcoming [2024].
  13. “The Concept of Life in Islam.” In The Concept of Life in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, edited by Georges Tamer. Berlin: De Gruyter, in press [2024]. (25,000 words).
  14. “Transcending the Ordinary Self: Mullā Ṣadrā on the Ethics of Human Flourishing.” In The Bloomsbury Handbook of Islamic Ethics, edited by Jafar Mahallati. London: Bloomsbury, in press [2024].
  15. “Sufi Metaphysical Literature.” In Brill Handbook of Sufi Studies, edited by Alexander Knysh and Bilal Orfali. Leiden: Brill, in press [2024].
  16. “The Existence of God in Islam.” In The Existence of God? Contemporary Positions and Approaches, edited by Evgeny Loginov, in press [2024].