Prof. Faruque’s interests and expertise encompass history and theory of subjectivity, environmental humanities, religion and climate change, cross-cultural philosophy, gender hermeneutics, Sufism, Perso-Arabic mystical literature, Islamic philosophy and ethics, history and philosophy of science, Islamic Psychology, and Graeco-Arabica.

Published Articles

Attention, Consciousness,
and Self-Cultivation in Sufi-Philosophical Thought”

Journal of the Institute for Sufi Studies 2, 2 (2023): pp.300-316.

Toward a Neuro‑ethics in Islamic Philosophy: Trauma, Memory, and Personal Identity
SOPHIA (2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11841-023-00997-6

“Seyyed Hossein Nasr.”
In The Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion. Oxford University Press.

“Life after Life: Mullā Ṣadrā on Death and Immortality.”
Religious Studies (Cambridge), (2023): 1–13.


Charles Taylor and the Invention of Modern Inwardness: A Sufi, Constructive Response,” Religions, 13.8 (2022): 1-21.

“The Crisis of Modern Subjectivity: Rethinking Muhammad Iqbal and the Islamic Tradition,” Journal of Islamic and Muslim Studies, 6.2 (2022): 43-81.


“Untying the Knots of Love: The Qur’an, Love Poetry, and Akkad’s The Message.” Journal of Islamic and Muslim Studies 5.2 (2020), 112-128.

“Eternity Made Temporal: Ashraf ʿAlī Thānavī, a Twentieth-Century Indian Thinker and the Revival of Classical Sufi Thought.” Brill Journal of Sufi Studies 9 (2020): 215–246.


“Heidegger and Mullā Ṣadrā on the Meaning of Metaphysics.” Philosophy East and West 67.3 (2017): 629-650.

“Sufism contra Shariah? Shāh Walī Allāh’s Metaphysics of Waḥdat al-Wujūd.” Brill Journal of Sufi Studies 5.1 (2016): pp. 27-57.

“Does God Create Evil? A Study of Fakhr al-Dīn al- Rāzī’s Exegesis of Sūrat al-falaq.” Journal of Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations (2017).

Rajab ‘Ali Tabrizi’s ‘Refutation’ of Sadrian Metaphysics (The Shi’ah Institute Press, 2017)


Mullā Ṣadrā and the Project of Transcendent Philosophy” Religion Compass 10/1 (2016): 3–14, 10.1111/rec3.12190

“Mulla Sadra on the Problem of Natural Universals”, Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 27.2 (2017): 269-302.


The Internal Senses in Nemesius, Plotinus and Galen: The Beginning of an Idea.” Journal of Ancient Philosophy 10.2 (2016): 119-39.

“Maʿnā wa manẓūr az metāfīzīk dar andīshah-yi Haydigar wa Mullā Ṣadrā.” Ḥikmat-i Ṣadrāʾī 7.1 (1397/2018): 117-128.


An Empirical Investigation of the Arbitrage Pricing Theory in a Frontier Stock Market.” Indian Journal of Economics and Business.

“Gender Inequality and Economic Growth: A Cross-sectional Analysis of Muslim Countries.” European Journal of Social Sciences.


Published Book Chapters

“Sufism and Philosophy in the Mughal-Safavid Era: Shāh Walī Allāh and the End of Selfhood.” In Islamic Thought and the Art of Translation. Leiden: Brill, 2023, pp. 323–370.

“An Anthropocentric Approach to Evil.” In From the Divine to the Human (London and New York: Routledge, 2023).


“Hume on Trial: Can Evil and Suffering be Justified?” In From the Divine to the Human (London and New York: Routledge, 2023).

“A Nietzschean Mystic: Muhammad Iqbal on the Ethics of Selfhood.” In Mysticism and Ethics in Islam. Beirut: The American University of Beirut Press, 2022.


“The Current Situation of Sufism in Iran with Particular Reference to Philosophical Sufism.” In Sufism and Social Integration: Connecting Hearts, Crossing Boundaries, edited by Dastagir and Faghfoory. Chicago: Kazi, 2015.

“Rajab ʿAlī Tabrīzī’s Refutation of Ṣadrian Metaphysics.” In Philosophy and the Intellectual Life in Shīʿah Islam, edited by Sajjad Rizvi (Bloomsbury: The Shi’ah Institute Press, 2017).


Book Reviews

Review of “Mohammad Azadpur, Analytic Philosophy and Avicenna: Knowing the Unknown.” The Journal of Islamic and Muslim Studies, 6.1 (2021), 102-107.

Virtue Ethics in Sufism? A Review of Atif Khalil, “Repentance and the Return to God: Tawba in Early Sufism.” Journal of Islamic Ethics 4 (2020): 259-63.


Review of Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Mehdi Aminrazavi (eds.), “An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, Volume 5: From the School of Illumination to Philosophical Mysticism.” Journal of Shia Islamic Studies 9.1 (2016): 95-99.

Review of Mohammed Rustom, “The Triumph of Mercy: Philosophy and Scripture in Mullā Ṣadrā.” Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2012. xii + 243 pages.


Review of Tarif Khalidi, “Abū Ḥātim al-Rāzī: The Proofs of Prophecy,” Ilahiyat Studies, Vol. 6:1, Winter 2015.

Review of Eiyad S. Al-Kutubi, “Mulla Sadra and Eschatology: Evolution of Being.” Routledge. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations.


Public Scholarship

We Are Not Our Brain: How Poets and Philosophers Saw the Immaterial Life of the Self
Renovatio, Spring 2024


“Doğayla Birlikte Yaşamak? İslam, İklim Değişikliği Ve Eko-Felsefe.” [Coexistence with Nature?: Islam, Climate Change, and Eco-philosophy] Sabah Ülkesi (Cologne), 64 (Jul 2020): 66-71.


“Dil, Varlik ve Öznellik: Gerçekliğin Inşasi” (Language, Being and Subjectivity: The Construction of Reality)

“Islam, Nature and Climate Change.” Origins 50.1 (April 2020): 13-15.

Forthcoming Books/Articles/Book Chapters

  1. The Interconnected Universe: Sufism, Climate Change, and Ecological Living, in progress.
    This study aims to develop a new theory of the human and the more-than-human world relationship based on a cross-cultural, multidisciplinary approach that draws on contemporary perspectives in the environmental humanities, on one hand, and classical and contemporary sources in Sufism, on the other. Alongside developing a theory of what I call the “interconnected universe,” this study also argues that Sufi contemplative practices support and foster an active engagement toward the planet’s well-being and an ecologically viable way of life and vision through an “anthropocosmic” vision of the self.
  2. Opening Pandora’s Box: AI, Transhumanism, and the Existential Threats of Technology, in progress.
  3. A Cultural History of South Asian Literature, Volume 3: The Early Modern Age (1400-1700). The
    Cultural Histories Series. Co-edited with Shankar Nair. London: Bloomsbury, 2024.
  4. “The Self.” In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, edited by Edward Zalta and Uri Nodelman, forthcoming. http://plato.stanford.edu. (14,000 words).
  5. “Beyond Technological Fixes: Sufism, Contemplation, and Climate Change as Human Predicament,” Journal of Contemplative Studies, completed and forthcoming.
  6. “Decolonizing the Muslim Mind: A Philosophical Critique,” Philosophical Forum, under review.
  7. “Immortality through AI?: Transhumanism, Human Nature, and the Quest for Spiritual Machines.” In Transhumanism, Immortality, and Religion. Edited by Timothy Knepper. New York: Springer, forthcoming [2025].
  8. “ʿAyn al-Quḍāt.” In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, edited by Edward Zalta, completed and forthcoming. http://plato.stanford.edu. (11,000 words) [Co-authored with M. Rustom].
  9. “The Self.” St. Andrews Encyclopaedia of Theology, edited by Alexander Wain. Completed and forthcoming, at https://www.saet.ac.uk/. (12,000 words).
  10. “Ethics of Selfhood and Human Flourishing in Islamic Thought.” In the Oxford Handbook of Islamic Ethics, edited by Mustafa Shah. New York: Oxford University Press, completed and forthcoming [2024].
  11. “The Concept of Intuition in Sufism.” In The Handbook of Intuitions. Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science series, edited by Asad Ahmed et al. New York: Springer, completed and forthcoming [2024].
  12. “Mullā Ṣadrā and Javādī Āmulī: The Book of Metaphysical Penetrations, The Four Intellectual Journeys, and The Sealed Wine.” In Global Philosophy: A Sourcebook, edited by M. Rustom. Sheffield: Equinox, completed and forthcoming [2024].
  13. “The Concept of Life in Islam.” In The Concept of Life in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, edited by Georges Tamer. Berlin: De Gruyter, in press [2024]. (25,000 words).
  14. “Transcending the Ordinary Self: Mullā Ṣadrā on the Ethics of Human Flourishing.” In The Bloomsbury Handbook of Islamic Ethics, edited by Jafar Mahallati. London: Bloomsbury, in press [2024].
  15. “Sufi Metaphysical Literature.” In Brill Handbook of Sufi Studies, edited by Alexander Knysh and Bilal Orfali. Leiden: Brill, in press [2024].
  16. “The Existence of God in Islam.” In The Existence of God? Contemporary Positions and Approaches, edited by Evgeny Loginov, in press [2024].